Medieval Quilt IV
Panel 1 - Since the Magna Carta contained provisions which Pope Innocent III considered to be against the interests of the Church, he annuled the Magna Carta according to John's request.
Panel 2 - Disillusioned further by King John's treachery, the Barons decided to offer the throne of England to Prince Louis of France, who landed unopposed at Sandwich in eastern Kent, England at the head of an army on 21 May 1216. There was little resistance when the prince entered London and Louis was proclaimed King at St Paul's Cathedral with great pomp and celebration in the presence of all of London. Even though he was not crowned, many Barons gathered to give homage.
Panel 3 - King John had been effectively deposed from the throne of England, but he still had an army, so this provocation led to the Civil War, where King John travelled all around England waging battles against the Barons and Prince Louis, burning, pillaging, and laying siege to the Baron's strongholds like Rochester.
Panel 4 - While travelling between Spalding, Linconshire and King's Lynn in Norfolk , King John fell ill and decided to turn back. In his haste he sent his baggage train, including his crown jewels, to cross a ford at high tide, and thus lost his treasure in the Wash.
Panel 5 - In October 1216 King John died at Newark Castle, reportedly from a bout of dysentery brought about from eating too many peaches. During his lifetime he had been implicated in the murder of his nephew, the sexual predation of the wives and daughters of his nobles, and the starving to death of the wife and children of one of his former companions, and taking and murdering hostages, including the young sons of his rivals. In other words, John had been a particularly unpleasant ruler, so much so that no other King of England has ever since been named John. Even forty years after his death , one monk from St. Albans wrote "Foul as it is, Hell itself is made fouler by the presence of John".
Panel 6 - With the death of John, most of the Barons turned their support away from Prince Louis in favour of King John's 9 year old son, Henry III, who was crowned as King at Gloucester Cathedral on October 28th, 1216. Since the crown jewels were missing, he was crowned with a simple coronet fashioned from one of his mother Isabella's necklaces. Under the guidance of his regent, Robert Marshall the Magna Carta was resurrected under the new government of the young Henry III as a way of drawing support away from the rebel faction. During his reign King Henry III agreed several revisions to the original Magna Carta of 1215.